Fluid + Acid/Base

Fluid & Electrolyte Physiology

Physiol-14B14 Outline the effects of IV administration of 500 mls of 20% mannitol, and the potential problems associated with its use. (also Physiol-95B5)

Physiol-09A11 Outline the determinants and regulation of extracellular fluid volume. (also Physiol-01A1)

Physiol-05B12 Briefly discuss the physiological roles of plasma proteins. (also Physiol-98B6)

Physiol-05A11 Describe how the body detects and responds to a water deficit. (also Physiol-01A7)

Physiol-96A7 In the following diagram, indicate how the solvent and solute move across a semipermeable membrane and give a brief explanation of the principles involved.

Physiol-1995 Explain how a metabolic alkalosis develops in an adult patient with a small bowel obstruction and nasogastric losses in excess of 1000ml per day for 5 days. Give a brief account of the physiological principles determining fluid replacement.

Physiol-1994 Outline the effects of a rapid injection of 100mls of hypertonic Iodine-containing angiography contrast medium in an otherwise healthy adult.

1994 Compare the advantages and disadvantages of synthetic colloids and SPPS in volume replacement

1992 Write short notes on serum calcium

1992 Write short notes on osmoreceptors

Acid-Base Physiology

Physiol-10B15 Discuss the role of haemoglobin as a buffer. (also Physiol-03A9, Physiol-1990)

Physiol-08A11 Outline the physiological consequences of diabetic ketoacidosis. (also Physiol-95B8)

Physiol-07A11 Discuss how the body handles a metabolic acidosis. (also Physiol-05A15)

Physiol-06B15 Explain how a metabolic acidosis develops in hypovolaemic shock. Describe the consequences of this metabolic acidosis for the body. (also Physiol-98B5)

Physiol-95A6 Describe the effects of intravenously administered sodium bicarbonate (8.4%) 100ml used in asystolic cardiac arrest in a 70 kg man.

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