Equipments and Measurements

Phys-18A4 Outline the hazards associated with the use of CO2 absorbents within a circle breathing system and how the risks can be minimised. (also Phys-15B2)

Phys-17B4 Describe the generation and features of a normal awake EEG. Briefly discuss the processing performed by quantitative EEG monitors (such as BIS or Entropy) to produce a single number.

Phys-16B8 Describe how the oxygen vacuum insulated evaporator works.

Phys-16B7 Explain the reasons why a pulse oximeter may give incorrect readings.

Phys-16A2 Draw and label a circle breathing system. Explain its advantages and disadvantages. (also Phys-15A1)

Phys-16A1 Discuss the physical principles and equipment used for measurement of exhaled carbon dioxide by infrared analysis using sidestream sampling. Outline the potential sources of error.

Phys-15B13 Describe the fuel cell and the paramagnetic oxygen analyser. Discuss their use in anaesthetic practice.

Phys-15B15 Discuss the prevention of electrical shock in the operating theatre. (SUMMARY on electrical safety for FANZCA Part II)

Phys-14B4 Describe an active anaesthetic gas scavenging system

Phys-14A8 Describe the principles of surgical diathermy

Phys-14A3 Outline the safety features of currently used plenum vaporisers.

Phys-12B13 Using an example of exponential decay, define and outline the important features of an exponential function. (also Phys-1991)

Phys-12A10 Outline the principles of a pneumotachograph. What factors affect the accuracy of this device? (also Phys-02A7,Phys-95A5)

Phys-11B10 Describe the effects of resonance and damping on an invasive arterial blood pressure tracing. (also Phys-07A15)

Phys-11A16 Explain the difference between viscosity and density. Outline the effects of changes in viscosity and density on the flow of gases and liquids. (also Physiol-06B12)

Phys-10B11 Explain the physical principles of ultrasound imaging. (also Phys-07B11,Phys-02B14,Phys-98B4)

Phys-10A15 Explain how cardiac output is measured using a thermodilution technique. (also Phys-05B13,Phys-00A1)

Phys-08B9 What is humidity and how can it be measured? (also Phys-1994)

Phys-07B16 Draw the ECG depicting one cardiac cycle for lead II. Label diagram and give normal values. What is the PR interval and what factors can affect this? 50%

Phys-06A15 Briefly describe the measurement of pH in a blood sample using a pH electrode. (also Phys-02B14, 1991)

Phys-05A16 Briefly explain the principles of Doppler ultrasound used to measure cardiac output. (also Phys-98A4)

Phys-04B11 Briefly explain how oximetry can be used to estimate the partial pressure of oxygen in a blood sample. (also 1993)

Phys-04A14 Briefly describe the differences between laminar and turbulent flow. List the factors that increase the probability of turbulent flow. (also Phys-97B6)

Phys-03A13 Briefly describe the principles and sources of error in the measurement of systemic arterial blood pressure using an automated oscillometric non-invasive monitor. (also Phys-00B2, Phys-96, Phys-92)

Phys-99B7 Describe how the partial pressure of oxygen in a blood sample is measured using a Clark electrode.

Phys-99A5 Differentiate between the terms ‘heat’ and ‘temperature’. Explain briefly the principles of a mercury thermometer and a thermistor, indicating their advantages and disadvantages. (combined with Phys-95B7)

Phys-99B1 How does a fall in temperature influence blood gas solubility and acid base values? (also Phys-98A6)

1992 Write short notes on principles of measurement of end tidal carbon dioxide tension (also Phys-90)

Phys-MAKEUP Describe the basic principles and uses of lasers

Phys-MAKEUP Describe the range of FiO2 achievable with Hudson, non-rebreather and Venturi masks. What design features account for the differences in FiO2?

Phys-MAKEUP Briefly describe the principles of thromboelastography

Stats-14B07 A new test called the “intubation score” has a reported 90% sensitivity and 70% specificity when used to predict difficult intubation. Describe how this information and other statistics related to this test can be used in predicting difficult intubation. How will the incidence of difficult intubation affect the performance of this test?

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